Copenhagen monuments. Interesting facts worth knowing

Do you sometimes get this feeling that going somewhere you wish you had at least a basic knowledge about what you will see there? Do you find searching through websites tedious and annoying? I do. This is why I will try to put together some facts about spots I have seen in Copenhagen.

Copenhagen monuments

The Little Mermaid

Made out of bronze and granite, the statue was a gift to the city of Copenhagen from Carl Jacobsen. He was so fascinated by a play that he saw in Copenhagen’s Royal Theatre based on Hans Christian Andersen fairytale. He was moved by a character of a mermaid that gave up her life in the water for love on land, that he commissioned a statue. The Little Mermaid has her own place in Copenhagen since August 23rd 1913.


Historical building of the Central Guardhouse built in 1745 as a part of the Nyholm naval base. Its main purpose was to guard the passage between customs and Nyholm. It was also a place to receive important guests at the base.

Church of Our Savior

The most popular church in Copenhagen. Ever since 1752, a serpentine spire with 400 steps was inaugurated, more and more people is showing up to climb to the top. Admission is 35-45 DKK.

Frederik’s Church

Built in 1740 is also known as A Marble Church. It has the biggest dome in Scandinavia, based on Vatican’s St. Peter Basilica, which rests on 12 columns.


Tower build in 17th century as an astronomical observatory. It is one of many projects by Christian IV of Denmark. Nowadays besides being a historical monument is also the city’s observation tower.

Christianborg Palace

Historical place since the beginning of Copenhagen. In 1167 there stood the first fortress build by bishop Absalon. It was taken down in 1731 on Christian VI command and replaced with a new castle, which burnt down in 1794. The Royal Family moved to Amalienborg while the second Christianborg was built in the years 1803-1828. It became a meeting place for Danish Parliament which also burnt down in 1884. The third castle was built in 1907-1928 and till this day it is the house of Parliament.

Amalienborg Palace

Originally the Royal Family summer palace built in 1667-1673 and named after Queen Sophie Amalie. It burnt down in 1689 and killed over 200 people. The King the dived the square into four equal parcels and gave each parcel to an aristocrat with instructions to build buildings based on an architects specific design. After the Christianbord fire in 1794, the King bought the buildings that were constructed with his instructions and moved the Royal family into Amalienborg. The complex consists of the palaces of Christian VII, Christian VIII, Frederick VIII and Christians IX, with a statute in the middle of the square of King Frederick V.

Christian IV’s Brewhouse

One of the oldest buildings in Copenhagen. It was built in 1608 for military purposes as a corner bastion, part of Christian IV’s fortification the city. Which now contain 300 statues and sculptures gathered from royal gardens, palaces and buildings.


Bridge build in 1739-1745 made of marble. Connects Christianborg with Ny Vestergade.


Bridge build in 1878 made of cast iron. Connects Hojbro Square with Slotsholmen.

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