Prague is the largest city as well as the capital of the Czech Republic. It has its own unique character with baroque architecture and many Gothic churches throughout the city. I traveled there from Krakow, Poland by a tourist bus from the main station. The bus ride took me about 7 hours in total and the ticket both ways cost 70 PLN ($20). I arrived around 6:45 am and it was still dark outside, so I found the closest open place, which was of course a McDonald and started drinking coffee while I waited until sunrise.
Tip: You have to pay for restroom 10 Czech Korunas ($0.50) which you can get back with your order, not after you order. So just keep that in mind if you want to save some change.
One day in Prague guide
A very intensive day lies ahead of you, that can easily be divided into two days, so wear your comfy shoes and let’s explore.
The walk from the Praha Florence bus station to the Old Town Square will take you about 20 minutes. Fallowing the Na Poříčí street you will pass the Palladium – shopping mall, where besides 170 stores you may find many restaurants located on a second floor. Keep walking until you stand in front of Prašná brána – The Powder Tower, which separates Old Town from New Town. It is one of original city gates build in 1475 on the foundations of the older gate from the XIII century. From there you are officially in the Old Town where every street will take you to Staroměstské náměstí, which is Old Town Square. You will find many attractions, such as the Church of the Mother of God before Týn – monumental gothic church in Prague, baroque Church of Saint Nicholas, Old Town Hall which was the old city headquarters and has a great feature of the Prague astronomical clock from 1490. At the center of a square stands a monument of the Czech religious reformer and national hero – Jan Hus.
From there just a few steps will take you to the famous Charles Bridge, which crosses the Vltava River and is connecting Malá Strana and Staré Město districts. Work on the bridge started in 1357 and it is the world’s oldest stone bridge that is still standing. View of the Prague Castle from this bridge is unbelievably mesmerizing, the feeling almost takes you back into history. To get to the Castle gate you have to climb Old Castle Stairs – Staré zámecké schody first. Getting inside is free of charge, but if you want to visit its historical buildings you will have to pay an admission. It is really worth just going for free and seeing the courtyard, where the Chapel of the Holy Cross stands, but mostly to see this impressive St. Vitus Cathedral. A gothic masterpiece that from the first sight gives you only one feeling, humbling admiration.
From the Castle, be sure to visit Petřín Hill, on top of which you will see from a long distance a Petřín Tower – an Eiffel Tower copy. There are two options to get there. First, you can use a cable railway, which can be found on Ujezd street. 30 minutes ticket cost 24 CZK ($1) and it is just a part of the city communication system. The second but more demanding option is to climb the hill through the Petřínské sady (gardens), if after that you can still look at the stairs you have the option to climb 300 more steps of the Petřín Tower for 150 CZK ($7) or use an elevator for extra 80 CZK ($3.70). Next attraction on this hill is the Hunger Wall, a medieval defensive wall of the Lesser Town of Prague. Also, I think it is worth to see the John Lennon Wall and Dancing House, even though many people have mixed feelings about those places. If there is any energy left in your body I recommend to visit the Wenceslaw Square, which is located in the New Town district. It is a symbol of important historical events and in the middle you will see the monument of Totalitarian regime victims. From the Square you can also take a look at the National Museum building.
At the end be sure to reward yourself with a trdelnik, a traditional sweet cake. It is worth every chocolate spot on my scarf????
Tip: Have money already exchanged with you. Exchange places have very high commission, so you will simple loose on the exchange rate.